example: "lord of the rings" will match names from the novel 'The Lord of the Rings' this field understands simple boolean logic Phosphorus testing is very important in people who are malnourished or who are being treated for ketoacidosis. About two-thirds of testosterone circulates in the blood bound to sex-hormone binding protein and slightly less than one-third bound to albumin. A blood gas test is used to check the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood, and the balance of acid and alkali in your blood (the pH balance). White blood cells, or Leukocytes are responsible for protecting the body from invasion by foreign substances such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Subscribe today to receive daily health news updates. A normal platelet count is 150,000-300,000. Estradiol (E2) is produced in women mainly in the ovary. This refers to the measurement of good cholesterol (HDL or high-density lipoprotein) and bad cholesterol (LDL or low-density lipoprotein) within your blood. Listen Now, 2017 Copyright | All Rights Reserved | Level 1 Diagnostics | 791Alexandar Road Princeton, NJ 08540. It can be measured with two different tests: the CRP test and the high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) test, each measuring different ranges of CRP levels in the blood. Control of FSH production is a complex system involving hormones produced by the gonads (ovaries or testes), the pituitary, and the hypothalamus. Platelets are made in the bone marrow and survive in the circulatory system for an average of 9–10 days before being removed from the body by the spleen. Recent research has shown that platelets help fight infections by releasing proteins that kill invading bacteria and some other microorganisms. At the time of menopause, the ovaries stop functioning and FSH levels rise. In healthy cells, homocysteine is quickly converted into other products. There are numerous blood test abbreviations, knowledge of these abbreviations will help you ascertain what blood tests results mean, and help you gather a clear understanding of blood tests in general. Estrone (E1) is the major estrogen after menopause. Dr. Steve Helschien shares his inspiration behindLevel 1 Diagnostics and the breakthrough ofLevel 1 Diagnostic testing. Increased progesterone levels also are seen occasionally with luteal ovarian cysts, molar pregnancies, and with a rare form of ovarian cancer. Complete Blood Count (CBC) Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) Conjugated Bilirubin. There are 11 common blood test abbreviations, understanding what they mean will help you further understand your blood test results. In general, blood tests should only be ordered for a reason, such as to evaluate a concerning symptom, to monitor a chronic disease, or to check for certain types of medication side-effect. Platelets (or thrombocytes) are very small cellular components of blood that help the clotting process by sticking to the lining of blood vessels. There are three main estrogen fractions: estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), and estriol (E3). Cold Autoantibodies. Memory usage: 1984.01KB, Post-Surgery Low Blood Pressure: Causes and Treatments, 10 Reasons You See Blood in Cough in Morning, Understanding the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, A Detailed Guide to Use Apple Cider Vinegar for Varicose Veins. If you’re waiting for lab test results to come back or you’re trying to figure out what they mean, the process and all those medical terms and numbers can be confusing. The more rapid they fall, the more likely it is that high levels of inflammation have occurred. It is now believed that inflammation plays a major role in atheroslcerosis (the narrowing of blood vessels due to build-up of cholesterol and other lipids), which is often associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is included in the Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) and the Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) – groups of tests that are performed together to diagnose or monitor a variety of conditions. Since about 50% of the people who have heart attacks have normal cholesterol levels, healthcare practitioners are starting to look at other factors that may have an influence on heart disease. A blood test is a laboratory analysis performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein in the arm using a hypodermic needle, or via fingerprick.Multiple tests for specific blood components, such as a glucose test or a cholesterol test, are often grouped together into one test panel called a blood panel or blood work.Blood tests … A normal hemoglobin count is 14-17 for men and 12-16 for women. Testosterone levels can rise because of tumors that develop in either the ovary or adrenal gland or because of other conditions, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Plus, find out why a person should keep their blood glucose levels within a healthy range. The presence of excess uric acid can cause the condition called gout – an inflammation that occurs in joints when crystals derived from uric acid form in the joint fluid. This blood test measures the Vitamin D levels in the body: FBC: Full blood count (FBC) is a common blood test to check a person’s general health: ESR: Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate test helps your doctor determine whether you’re experiencing inflammation: INR: International Normalized Ratio test is used to find … Continuous Glucose … It is important to remember that some medications can affect the results of an LFT, making it inaccurate. Blood chemistry indicates hydration levels, whether or not an infection is present, and how well organ systems are … The nitrogen combines with other molecules in the liver to form the waste product urea. The platelet count measures your blood’s ability to clot. While estrogen is one of the major female sex hormones, small amounts are found in males. Levels increase after exercise, but decrease with age. Here we present the top 10 blood tests that all health-conscious adults should undergo to avert common, life-threatening health problems before they occur. Measures the average percentage of hemoglobin present within each red blood cell. Vitamin D comes from two sources: endogenous, which is produced in the skin on exposure to sunlight, and exogenous, which is ingested in foods and supplements. Phosphorus testing is used to help diagnose and evaluate the severity of conditions and diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract, interfering with the absorption of phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium. The A1c test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the last 2 to 3 months. Many drugs may raise ALT levels by causing liver damage in a very small percentage of patients taking the drug. Elevated levels may also be due to congestive heart failure, alcohol consumption, and use of many prescription and non-prescription drugs. A type of white blood cell filled with granules that digest microorganisms. Formal name: B-type natriuretic peptide, N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide. Low levels of TSH can lead to weight loss and anxiety; high levels can lead to weight gain, depression and fatigue. Blood chemistry tests are among the most common diagnostic tests performed to detect and diagnose illnesses. As if understanding medical terminology and concepts is simply too easy for the patients, blood test results also contain abbreviations which make it even more difficult to understand your … This is true of both prescription drugs and some “natural” health products. Learn more. In women, normal levels of estradiol provide for proper ovulation, conception, and pregnancy, in addition to promoting healthy bone structure and regulating cholesterol levels. Granulocytes and macrophages protect against infection by surrounding and destroying invading bacteria and viruses, and lymphocytes aid in immune defense. Complement. DHEAS, testosterone, and several other androgens are used to evaluate adrenal function and to distinguish androgen-secreting conditions that are caused by the adrenal glands from those that originate in the testes. Continue reading to know more about such tests and their meaning! IU/L: international units per liter. Vitamin D is vital for the growth and health of bone. This test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. An abnormal concentration can alter the function of neuromuscular tissue; for example, the heart muscle may lose its ability to contract. Too much sodium, however, can increase the chances of high blood pressure. It is this dual action that may explain the role of Lp(a) in the promotion of cardiovascular disease. An essential mineral the body needs to make hemoglobin in red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body. Testing also can help to diagnose disorders that affect the kidneys. the description is the meaning and history write-up for the name; separate search terms with spaces; search for an exact phrase by surrounding it with double quotes. Magnesium supplementation should be considered when the following conditions are present: High blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, heart attack, endothelial dysfunction, diabetes mellitus,osteoporosis, migraine headaches, asthma, and arteriosclerosis. Most people still feel well with a hemoglobin count as low as 10. In the body, phosphorus exists as a mineral; it is combined with oxygen to form a variety of phosphates (PO4). It is the gas transporting protein molecule that makes up 95% of a red cell. Red blood cells (RBCs) normally degrade after 120 days in the circulation. Blood test results, are an important issue for all of us to understand, even if we are in the pink of our health. RBC (Red blood cell count) – The most recognizable component of whole blood, red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a complex protein that carries oxygen throughout the body. Creatinine tests are routinely part of a comprehensive or basic metabolic panel; if your healthcare practitioner suspects that you are suffering from kidney dysfunction or if you are acutely or chronically ill with a condition that may affect your kidneys and/or be exacerbated by kidney dysfunction; at intervals to monitor treatment for kidney disease or kidney function while on certain medications. PTT is conducted to evaluate the function of all coagulation factors. Also known as: B-type Natriuretic peptides; Brain natriuretic peptide, proBNP. A hormone produced by the adrenal glands. Testing HCYS helps to determine if you are at increased risk of a heart attack or stroke and to determine if you are folate-defi cient or B12-defi cient. A natural hormone made by the pituitary gland in the brain. Keep in mind that it’s only occasionally appropriate to order blood tests for “screening.” A screening test means a person doesn’t have any … A waste product produced in muscles from the breakdown of a compound called creatine. INR, or international normalized ratio, test is used to determine whether you blood is clotting normally. It is responsible, in part, for the clotting of blood. blood test definition: 1. a scientific examination of a person's blood to find out if they have any diseases or lack any…. Elevated CPR, or C-Reactive Protein, levels indicate inflammation within the body. A fat soluble vitamin found in very few foods. The levels of red blood cells in your blood. One of the most important minerals in your body, calcium is essential for the proper functioning of muscles, nerves, and the heart and is required in blood clotting and in formation of bones. They also play an important role as a buffer, helping to maintain the body’s acidbase balance. Only one percent is found in the blood, but the body works very hard at keeping these levels constant. Insulin is vital for the transportation and storage of glucose at the cellular level; it helps regulate blood glucose levels and has a role in lipid metabolism. HDL-Cholesterol, LDL-Cholesterol, Chol/HDL ratio, VLDL-C; Triglycerides (Lipid Profi le) – All of these studies assess the risk of atherosclerosis in the patient. The white blood cell count measures your body’s ability to fight infection. Testosterone is a steroid hormone (androgen) produced by special endocrine tissue (the Leydig cells) in the male testes. Blood calcium levels do not directly tell how much calcium is in the bones, but rather, how much calcium is circulating in the blood. Blood tests: Understanding the different kinds There seem to be scores of hard-to-pronounce, harder-to-remember blood tests that doctors seem to order every time you visit them. Increased levels are occasionally due to an overproduction of progesterone by the adrenal glands. TSH, or thyroid stimulating hormone, helps to regulate the function of your thyroid, which keeps your metabolism functioning properly. Magnesium is involved in more than 300 enzymatic reactions and therefore the systems in the body supported by having the right amount of magnesium present are many. During a blood test, a small sample of blood is taken from your body. These hormones are chemical substances that travel through the bloodstream and control or regulate your body’s metabolism – how it functions and uses energy. Blood tests are used to determine many medical conditions. 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