He died in the Battle of Lützen in 1632. Before she abdicated, she launched Sweden's short-lived but important overseas empire, founding colonies in North America. His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, artillery and logistics earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare." Instead, it was likely a combination of religious, security, as well as economic considerations.. Three Crowns Curriculum— an integrated studies approach to general education Sweden’s power grew until it was the greatest of the Baltic nations. Gustavus Adolphus College's overall average net price combined with a very high quality education, results in a great value for the money when compared to other colleges and universities in Minnesota. Who was Gustavus Adolphus? To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. The whole course of modern history would have been dramatically different had not the Lord worked in such a tremendous way through the courageous crusade … He was married to Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, the daughter of John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg, and chose the Prussian city of Elbing as the base for his operations in Germany. September 1632. However, Gustavus was also responsible for many domestic reforms which pushed Sweden from being just another Baltic state to being the most dominant power in the region. Fair treatment was exercised among the ranks, a practice that was novel among armies at the time. Future commanders who studied and admired Gustav II Adolf include Napoleon I of France and Carl von Clausewitz. Gustavus Adolphus College is ranked #84 in National Liberal Arts Colleges. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_2',169,'0','0'])); Christina succeeded him as Queen. This would mark the high point of the campaign. Victories in two of the wars brought new territory, expanding the Swedish empire. As he was so young when he became king, the. Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm as the oldest son of King Charles IX of Sweden of the Vasa dynasty and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp. In Finland, the day is celebrated as svenska dagen or ruotsalaisuuden päivä, "Swedishness Day," and is a customary flag day. Gustavus Adolphus's ancestors in three generations. He then made plans for the invasion of the rest of the Holy Roman Empire. Gustavus Adolphus laid a solid foundation for Sweden's economy to flourish within safe and secure borders, from which Swedes looked out at a wider world, increasingly aware that humanity has a shared responsibility towards the welfare of all who live on the planet. He took away … Where is she/he originally from? Gustavus was highly intelligent and well versed in the Classics, Law, History and Theology. But before that could become a reality, he had hard fighting to do. This humiliating experience for Gustavus did not usher in a period of noble control in Sweden. It is the oldest of several Lutheran colleges founded in Minnesota. Arguably, it was because her father had secured Sweden's borders, and raised Sweden's status in Europe, that Sweden could now venture further afield across the oceans of the world, developing trade and commerce. No such honor has been bestowed on any other Swedish monarch since. Shop our range of T-Shirts, Tanks, Hoodies, Dresses, and more. 72. He is also the only Swedish monarch to be styled "t… Gustavus Adolphus attacks the stronghold of Alte Veste, which is under the command of Albrecht von Wallenstein, but is repulsed, marking the first defeat in the Thirty Years' War of the previously invincible Swedes. parents. His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, artillery and logistics earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare." He spent much of his life at war. Meanwhile, a Catholic army was laying waste to Saxony. He favored striking on the offense rather than taking the defensive approach to battle, as was common at the time, which added to his success and valor. The king also enjoyed popular support among the common people. Gave 1.00 hour between 05/24/2020 and 05/25/2020 with Gustavus Adolphus College. Gustavus intervened on the anti-Imperial side, which at the time was losing to the Holy Roman Empire and its Catholic allies; the Swedish forces would quickly reverse that situation. Death date. Gustavus Adolphus. Gustavus Adolphus' younger brother had died years before, and therefore there were only female heirs left. Gustavus Adolphus focused on improving the tactical performance of his armies, not as an end in itself, but as a means of achieving his strategic goal of making Sweden a great power. Gustavus Adolphus Day is celebrated in Sweden each year on November 6. The marriage produced one daughter, Christina. Clearly, Gustavus Adolphus was an important figure whose innovative style and tactics on the battlefield would help him live in infamy far after his death on the battlefields of Lützen. Gustavus Adolphus has been described by E N Williams as “the greatest Swedish King and one of the greatest statesman in European History”.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-4','ezslot_14',114,'0','0'])); Gustavus became king in 1611 and ruled until his death in battle in 1632. He would be risking his nation, and he would not do it without reward, so if the war was won he … Carl von Clausewitz and Napoleon Bonaparte considered him one of the greatest generals of all time—a sentiment agreed to by Patton and others. Some have called him the father of modern warfare, or the first great modern general. The Swedish war effort was kept up by generals Gustav Horn, Count of Pori, Johan Banér, Lennart Torstenson and chancellor Axel Oxenstierna until the, Gustavus Adolphus plays an important supporting role in Eric Flint's. In 1611, Sweden was a weak country both a home and abroad. Gustav II Adolf's success in making Sweden one of the top nations in Europe, and perhaps the most important nation in the Thirty Years' War, was not only due to military brilliance but large changes in the Swedish system of government. In March 1632, Gustavus Adolphus invaded Bavaria. I worked so hard, did what was needed to be done and more...never was it … She abdicated in 1654 in favor of her cousin, resisting pressure to marry and give birth to an heir. Gustavus was well grounded in the classics, and his … Gustavus’ reign is, in fact, characterised by the harmonious relationship Gustavus had with the nobility as was symbolised by the friendship he had with the leader of the high nobility, Gustavus Adolphus was a rarity in the Seventeenth Century – a powerful monarch supported by all sections of society. Gustavus Adolphus was an accomplished soldier and with the help of Catholic France, he freed himself from the war against Poland with the Treaty of Altmark of September 1629. I’m your host, Greg Kaster, faculty member in the department of history. November 1632. The German Socialist Franz Meharring (1846–1919) wrote a biography of Gustavus Adolphus with a Marxist perspective on the actions of the Swedish king during the Thirty Years' War. He was fluent in German and spoke a number of foreign languages very well. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article Future commanders who studied and admired Gustav II Adolf include Napoleon I of France and Carl von Clausewitz. At home, Gustavus and. Gustavus Adolphus is today immortalized in two city squares, one in Stockholm and the other in Gothenburg, both named in Swedish Gustav Adolfs torg. He did not have a legitimate male heir, however, and was succeeded by his daughter Christina of Sweden. In his book "Ofredsår" ("Years of Warfare"), the Swedish historian and author Peter Englund argues that there was probably no single all-important reason for the king's decision to go to war. He transformed the art of warfare, changed the course of history and liberated Protestant Germany from the threat of annihilation. Managed by Caboodle UX design studio in London, Citation: C N Trueman "Gustavus Adolphus", Gustavus Adolphus lead Sweden during her glory years in the. Gustavus Adolphus History, Saint Peter, Minnesota. At sixteen he contested three wars, against the Russians, the Danes and the Poles. His armies were very well trained for the day, so that his musketeers were widely known for their firing accuracy and reload speed: Three times faster than any contemporary rivals. He also had a natural ability to lead soldiers. At home, Gustavus and Oxenstierna introduced major reforms which had a marked impact on Sweden. Gustavus worked himself very hard; he was a deeply religious man and a good orator. 459 likes. All hail the transcendent King Gustavus Adolphus, founder of the Swedish Empire and her most distinguished military tactician. Gustavus Adolphus met and defeated it at the First Battle of Breitenfeld in September 1631, in spite of the collapse of his Saxon allies. His skills would be put into practice and renowned by future military men of great success, among them Clausewitz, Napoleon, and Patton. His youth could have been a major weakness as the nobility could have exploited this to their advantage. The King is seriously wounded in the battle of Dirschau (Tczew). His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic power for the next one hundred years (see Swedish Empire). Richelieu provides the money he needed. Hello, and welcome to Learning for Life @ Gustavus, the podcast about people teaching and learning at Gustavus Adolphus College, and the myriad ways a Gustavus liberal arts education provides a lasting foundation for lives of fulfillment and purpose. They give you their duties to do and when don't, they say you are insubordinate!! When Gustavus Adolphus landed in Sweden, he was hailed as the savior of the Protestant cause. The novel militaristic practices of Gustavus Adolphus were admired in his time, earning him great fame and acclaim in his kingdom as well as throughout other parts of the world. The crown of Sweden was inherited in the Vasa family, and from Charles IX's time excluded those Vasa princes who had been traitors or descended from deposed monarchs. His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic Baltic power for the next one hundred years. He learned a great deal from Maurice of Nassau but Gustavus was also an innovator of change. This leads to defection of some mercenary elements in the Protestant army. June 1629 his troops meet up with imperial troops under Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg, who used to serve under Gustav Adolph, and is ordered by emperor Ferdinand to aid Sigismund III. Gustavus Adolphus was killed at the Battle of Lützen, when, at a crucial point in the battle, he became separated from his troops while leading a cavalry charge into a dense smog of mist and gunpowder smoke. Thus, by their decision he is officially, to this day, to be called Gustaf Adolf the Great (Gustavus Adolphus Magnus). in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. Maria Eleonora and the king's ministers took over the government on behalf of Gustavus Adolphus' underage daughter Christina I of Sweden upon her father's death. He left one other known child, his illegitimate son, Gustav, Count of Vasaborg. He was, unquestionably, one of the greatest military generals in all of history, and his battles were studied assiduously by later great military figures. Gustavus Adolphus, also known as Gustav Adolf II, or Gustavus Adolphus the Great, was the king of Sweden from 1611 to 1632.Adolphus is best known for ushering in the era of the Swedish Empire and for his innovative military tactics that won him a number of battles in the Thirty Years War and the Polish-Swedish War, earning him the nicknames "The Lion of the North" and later, … Gustavus Adolphus was the main figure responsible for the success of Sweden during the Thirty Years' War and led his nation to great prestige. The expanding of the time period was due to the fact that Parker argued the trend of the increasing size of armies preceded both Maurice and Gustavus and … https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/sweden-1611-to-1718/gustavus-adolphus Known as the "Father of Modern Warfare," Gustavus Adolphus' innovative battlefield tactics were renounced for their ingeniousness and would prove valuable in their time as well as in future militaristic conflicts. 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